Today we are back with our midwifery colleagues Linda Steinhardt and Liz Kettyle, who shepherd us through the management of cardiotocography in labor.
We start this episode by quickly reviewing definitions, and defining categories of tracings, reviewed below:
Recall that category I tracings virtually exclude fetal acidemia, while category III tracings are associated with acidemia 25% of the time, but also have higher risk of cerebral palsy, neurologic injury, or fetal death. That said, the positive predictive value for bad outcomes of CTG is overall poor.
We review a number of scenarios and resuscitative measures for category II and III tracings. However, much of this episode draws on the 2013 Clark et al. article to describe the management of category II tracings. The algorithm is below: